Family medicine is a primary care specialty that provides continuing, comprehensive health care for individuals and families. It encompasses all ages, genders, parts of the body, and every type of disease. As a primary care provider, your family medicine physician is your main health care provider in non-emergency situations. He or she acts as a patient advocate, both as it relates to care services and ensuring coverage for that care. The role of a family medicine physician is to provide preventive care, teach healthy lifestyle choices, identify and treat common medical conditions, and assess the urgency of medical problems.